Building a UAV (Quad Copter)
If you want to learn more about how a quadcopter works, instead of just how to fly it, you might want to learn how to build a quadcopter. Building your own drone requires more work, and more skill, than simply purchasing a ready-made quadcopter. However, it also rewards you with the satisfaction of knowing that the drone you are flying was made with your own hands. Plus, there are many kits and tutorials out there that are targeted toward beginners who either have flown drones but never built them, or those whose first experience ever with a drone is building one.
How to Make a Quadcopter Drone and Components List
If you are going to successfully build a quadcopter, there are a few steps you need to follow. You can find more detailed instructions online, but the following steps are the most basic and important. Following them should allow you to put together a serviceable and fun quadcopter, regardless of your experience level.
When you decide to build a quadcopter, you will quickly find that there are many options for putting together a drone
- Choose between an RTF kit ,an ARF kit, or a from scratch build.
- The first, and simplest, approach is to choose an RTF quadcopter kit. These kits come with everything you need to fly the drone right out of the box (frame, controller, motors, transmitter, etc.). If you need anything to put the drone together, it will be tools like screwdrivers, and perhaps some connectors. In some cases, an RTF quadcopter will even already be assembled for you. If you want to actually build a drone, you may want to skip the pre-assembled drones and select an RTF kit that requires some assembly.
- ARF stands for “almost ready to fly” and refer to quadcopter kits that require some more parts to complete the kit. For example, you might need to add a controller, propellers, etc. in order to end up with a working quadcopter. These kits also require more assembly than do RTF quadcopter kits
- A from-scratch drone build is out of reach for many beginning drone builders. The term refers to purchasing all of your own parts and putting them together yourself
if you are a beginning drone builder, you may want to choose a basic quadcopter to build.
Make sure you have all the pieces
- Motor OR Rotor
- ESC (Electronic Speed Controls)
- Flight Controller
- Radio Transmitter Dan Receiver
- other stuffs
- Connectors and adaptors
- Hex screws
- Selective parts (Camera, FPV, propeller guards, LED lights, etc.)
- Zip ties
- Heavy gauge wire
- Small screwdrivers
- Soldering iron
- Battery strap
- Jumping wires
- Set of Allen keys
- Wire cutters
- Utility knife
- Electrical tape
- Wire strippers
- Wire cutters
- Propeller balance
Come lets get building!
- The frame is important because it is where to put the Other Components of Multicopter . Like Mobil , the Frame Body of Multicopter .
- Frame type adapted to the needs . For his own material there are various kinds such as PCBs Fiber , Aluminum , Glass Fiber , Carbon , even some made of wood
-Motor OR Rotor
Motor is used as the player vane in order homemade quadcopter you can fly and maneuver . There are so many types of motorcycles sold in the market , but there are some things that are required of you noticed. Motor kilovolt be sorted by size , the higher the faster his kV motors also can rotate. Usually when you buy a special bike quadcopter , you will get the specifications such as : how much amperage required ESC and propeller size recommendations
-ESC (Electronic Speed Controls)
Electronic Speed Controls is a component that works set on each motor rotation speed . You need four pieces of ESC are connected to each of the four motors earlier.
Later, the ESC is connected to the battery as a power source via a socket or via power distribution board first. The level of accuracy of motor rotation is very important to maintain the stability quadcopter , so use the appropriate and qualified ESC .
As a recommendation , use ESC contained therein Simonk Firmware , firmware is able to change the refresh rate of the ESC so as to provide instructions per second more than the ESC to the motor
This is the central component of a Quadcopter , in the board Flight Controller on duty there gyroscope sensor for determining the orientation of motion and accelerometer sensor that reads the speed and slope of the quadcopter
-Radio Transmitter Dan Receiver
To be more simple , we call it the Remote Controller . If you want to use Flight Controller HobbyKing KK2.0 , at a minimum you should buy a remote controller that has 4 channels .
Usually to control quadcopter , could use 9xR Turnigy brand , the brand is very popular in Indonesia so you will have no trouble in finding this stuff . Turnigy 9xR has 9 channel , so you can use this remote to other projects in the future
Better known as Propeller , to create artificial quadcopter you fly , propeller used is 2 pairs pair rotates clockwise and another pair rotates counter-clockwise or so-called pusher
Typically , quadcopter using the battery types LiPo ( lithium polymer ) , for the project in this article , use a LiPo battery with 3000mAh 3S1P 20C specification . Means the battery capacity is 3000mAh , 3S1P means 3 cell mounted in parallel , with each cell has a 3.7 volt battery means is the voltage of 11.1 volts . while C stands for Capacity, so 20 C with 3000mAh means 20 * 3000 = 60000mAh = 60 A. 60A was issued battery current in a moment .
The greater capacity of the battery , the greater its enormous size , the larger the size of the batteries will add to the load received by quadcopter
LiPo battery charging process has a difficult process because the charger must charge and discharega on some cell in a LiPo battery at the same time .
The most popular and widely available on the market are trademarks of IMAX B6 Lipo Balance Charger , because it is believed to have the stability of charging